Dr. Alan Maisel from the University of San Diego moderated the topic "A Practical Approach for the Use of Biomarkers in Heart Failure" with Drs. W. Frank Peacock from the the Cleveland Clinic and Alan Wu from the University of California, San Francisco participating.
The discussion focused primarily on:
(1) problems with troponins;
(2) emerging biomarkers, including natriuretic peptides;
(3) ST2 and adrenomedullin as unique markers for early detection of high-risk mortality; and